Alcohol Abuse: Health Risks for Women
A considerable downside of frequent alcohol consumption is a higher rate of health risks —especially for women. Women's bodies are more sensitive to the effects of alcohol abuse than men's bodies.
As a result, women who drink are more prone to particular health risks, including breast cancer, heart disease and liver damage.
Why Do Women Face Higher Risk of Alcohol Abuse?
Research shows that women start to have alcohol-related problems at lower drinking levels than men. One explanation is on average, women weigh less than men. In addition, alcohol disperses in body water, and pound for pound, women have less water in their bodies than men. So after a man and woman of the same weight drink the same amount of alcohol, the woman's blood alcohol concentration will tend to be higher. Other biological differences, including hormones, may contribute, as well.
What are the health risks?
Women Report their "Usual number of drinks per drinking occasion"
1 Drink - 48.2% of women
2 Drinks - 29.9 % of women
3+ Drinks - 21.9% of women
There is an association between drinking alcohol and developing breast cancer. Women who consume about one drink per day have a 10% higher chance of developing breast cancer than women who do not drink at all.
Women who drink are more likely to develop alcoholic hepatitis (liver inflammation) than men who drink the same amount of alcohol. Alcoholic hepatitis can lead to cirrhosis.
Chronic heavy drinking is a leading cause of heart disease. Among heavy drinkers, women are more susceptible to alcohol-related heart disease than men, even though women drink less alcohol over a lifetime than men.
Any drinking during pregnancy is risky. A pregnant woman who drinks heavily puts her fetus at risk for learning and behavioral problems and abnormal facial features. Even moderate drinking during pregnancy can cause problems. Drinking during pregnancy also may increase the risk for preterm labor.
Some women should never drink at all, including:
- Anyone under age 21
- Anyone who takes medications that can interact negatively with alcohol
- Anyone who is pregnant or trying to conceive